March 26, 2020
THE FOURTH CHAPTER
imaṁ vivasvate yogaṁ proktavᾱn aham
avyayaṁ vivasvᾱn manave prᾱha manur
ikṣvᾱkave ’bravīt (IV-1)
evaṁ paraṁparᾱprᾱptam imaṁ rᾱjarṣayo viduḥ
sa kᾱlene ’ha mahatᾱ yogo
naṣṭaḥ paraṁtapa (IV-2)
’yaṁ mayᾱ te ’dya yogaḥ proktaḥ purᾱtanaḥ
bhakto ’si me sakhᾱ ce ’ti rahasyaṁ hy
etad uttamaṁ (IV-3)
IV/1. The blessed Lord said: I taught this imperishable
yogato Vivasvān, he told it to Manu, Manu proclaimed
it to Īkṣvāku. This, handed down thus in regular succession,
the royal sages knew. This yoga, by long lapse of time,
has been lost here, O Arjuna.
IV/2. That same ancient yoga has been today taught to
thee by me, for thou art my devotee and my friend.
It is the supreme secret.
IV/3. ‘There is nothing new under the sun’! The same
old truth is re-stated over and over. The presentation
is different — adapted to suit different peoples, generations
and conditions prevalent.