December 3, 2019
niyataṁ saṅgarahitam arāgadveṣataḥ kṛtaṁ
aphalaprepsunā karma yat tat sāttvikam ucyate (XVIII-23)
yat tu kāmepsunā karma sāhaṁkāreṇa vā punaḥ
kriyate bahulāyāsaṁ tad rājasam udāhṛtaṁ (XVIII-24)
anubandhaṁ kṣayaṁ hiṁsām anavekṣya ca pauruṣaṁ
mohād ārabhyate karma yat tat tāmasam ucyate (XVIII-25)
XVIII/23. An action which is ordained, which is free from attachment and
which is done without love or hatred by one who is not desirous
XVIII/24. But that action which is done by one longing for the fulfilment of
desires or gain with egoism or with much effort – that is declared
to be rājasa (passionate).
XVIII/25. That action which is undertaken out of delusion, without a regard
for the consequences, loss, injury and (one’s own) ability – that
is declared to be tāmasa (dark).